Sleep Apnea and Snoring:
For most people snoring is not a medical problem. However, loud and constant snoring may indicate a serious sleep disorder called sleep apnea. With this potentially life threatening disorder, breathing is obstructed and then resumes with loud snoring. This pattern may be repeated hundreds of times throughout the night resulting in multiple awakenings and oxygen desaturation. Sleep Apnea is associated with an increase in car accidents and may be related to sudden death during sleep. The primary daytime symptom is excessive sleepiness.
Periodic Limb Movements:
The primary sign of this disorder is kicking or jerking of the arms or legs throughout the night. It is caused by involuntary muscle contractions during sleep. Symptoms may include a crawling sensation or a restless feeling which disappears with motion. Daytime sleepiness due to frequent awakenings is the most common complaint. Restless legs syndrome (RLS), a familial disorder causing unpleasant crawling, prickling, or tingling sensations in the legs and feet and an urge to move them for relief, is emerging as one of the most common sleep disorders, especially among older people.
A surprisingly common sleep disorder, narcolepsy, is characterized by persistent daytime sleepiness despite adequate nighttime sleep. Other symptoms may include “sleep attacks” throughout the day, vivid nightmares or hallucinations when falling asleep, muscle paralysis at the onset of sleep or sudden muscle weakness during periods of strong emotion. Narcolepsy often interferes with performance at work or school, and the sufferer may be inappropriately labeled as lazy or slow.
Sleep/Wake Schedule Disorders:
Interruptions such as shift work, jet lag and seasonal time changes may result in insomnia or excessive sleepiness and make it difficult for some people to adjust to a schedule to suit their needs.
Work Related Problems:
Do you drive a vehicle or operate machinery at work and find you are experiencing excessive sleepiness? Have you ever had near accidents or fallen asleep during meetings? Sleep Medicine Specialists can help to identify and correct your disorder before it causes a serious problem for you.
Insomnia is the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep. It may be short term or a chronic problem. A number of factors may contribute to insomnia including involuntary muscle movements, underlying medical disorders, environmental factors or psychological problems such as stress or depression. Breathing difficulties which can worsen during sleep may also cause insomnia.
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